Otto Rank (April 22, 1884 – October 31, 1939) was an Austrian psychoanalyst. Born in Vienna as Otto Rosenfeld, he was one of Sigmund Freud’s closest colleagues for twenty years, a prolific writer on psychoanalytic themes, an editor of the two most important analytic journals, managing director of Freud’s publishing house and a creative theorist. In 1925, after Freud accused Rank of “anti-Oedipal” heresy, he chose to leave the inner circle and move away from Vienna with his wife, Tola, and infant daughter, Helene. For the remaining fifteen years of his life, Rank had an exceptionally successful career as a lecturer, writer and therapist in France and the U.S.
For further information see the Wikipedia entry Otto Rank.